Harbin, with a total land area of 53,068 km2 (20,490 sq mi), is located in southern Heilongjiang province, on the southeastern edge of the Songnen Plain. The city center also sits on the southern bank of the middle Songhua River. Neighbouring prefecture-level cities are Yichun to the north, Jiamusi and Qitaihe to the northeast, Mudanjiang to the southeast, Daqing to the west, and Suihua to the northwest. On its southwestern boundary is Jilin province. The main terrain of the city is generally flat and low-lyling, with an average elevation of around 150 metres (490 ft). However, the territory that comprises the 10 county-level divisions in the eastern part of the municipality bears plenty of mountains and uplands.
Harbin is the most northeastern and coldest provincial city. Under the Koppen climate classification, Harbin features a monsoon-influenced, humid continental climate (Dwa). Due to the Siberian high and its location above 45 degrees north latitude, the city is known for its coldest weather and longest winter among major Chinese cities.
Harbin has distinctive four seasons with long and cold winter and short cool summer.
With little rainfall, the local temperature in spring (March-May) is changeable from month to month. Spring is also the windiest season of the year, accompanied by occasional sandstorms.
The summer of this city from June to August is not as hot as the other cities of inland China, with plenty of rainfall. It is the rainiest season of the year, but with little storm. The highest temperature is just 23 C (73 F) on average, which occurs in July. Thus, it is an ideal place to escape the summer heat.
During the transition from summer to winter, autumn (September to October) in that city has little rainfall and a fluctuating temperature. Meanwhile, the temperature differs a lot between day and night.
Harbin city in winter (November to February) is the coldest city of China, but it is also a perfect winter resort. The beautiful and startling snowy scenery will undoubtly satisfy your desire. There are many ski resorts in Harbin, including Yabuli International Ski Resort, Moon Bay Ski Resort, Jihua ski resort and Erlongshan Ski Resort. The annual Harbin Ice and Snow Festival can't be missed particularly.